Home 3. Potential strategies Identifying strategies List of locally applied and potential strategies from all study sites

List of locally applied and potential strategies from all study sites Print

Author: Gudrun Schwilch (Centre for Development and Environment CDE, University Bern, Switzerland)


Brief synthesis


Analysing the single workshop reports reveals that in almost all study sites it was possible to identify promising land conservation practices for further assessment and to establish a good basis for participative stakeholder cooperation. Such a first assessment of SLM measures conducted by local and external stakeholders gives already a clear understanding of the importance and benefit of the various measures. In 3 study sites the list was compiled by researchers only (Crete and Nestos Basin, Greece; Rendina Basin, Italy).

From a total of 60 priority measures of all study sites, 39 are already applied solutions, whereas 21 are potential solutions. It is noticeable that in some study sites, all promising measures are already applied and in others all are potential only. Among the first group (all applied) are the study sites of Portugal, Nestos Basin Greece, Crete Greece, Morocco, Tunisia and China, and among the second group (all potential) Djanybek Russia and Chile. Whether this corresponds to countries with a tradition in soil and water conservation or not is non conclusive.

Looking at the type of measures results in 19 agronomic, 10 vegetative, 23 structural and 25 management measures, whereas in 17 cases two types of measures are combined. Some conservation technologies are mentioned in several study sites, such as drip irrigation which is mentioned in both Russian, both Turkish and the Crete Greece study sites, but being applied so far in Konya Karapinar (Turkey) and Crete (Greece) only. Other measure can also be grouped into similar categories, as presented in the table below. The table serves as first overview of the identified measures.


Category / group Applied and potential measures identified at DESIRE study sites
Conservation agriculture
  • minimum and/or correct tillage
  • no tillage
  • no till land management practice
  • nets spread on the soil surface in combination with no tillage
Ploughing management
  • contour ploughing
  • deep ploughing (soil internal drainage improvement)
  • subsoiling
  • interplanting
  • ley farming system
Rotational system
  • crop rotation
  • rotation of annual cultivations
  • rotational fodder cultivation
  • terraces and vegetation strips
  • building terraced field
  • land terracing
  • shift to ecological agriculture/high quality products
  • integration of agricultural and ecological systems
Soil / nutrient management
  • green manure
  • liquid manure -> biogas -> fertilizer
  • gypsum addition
Vegetative strips / cover
  • strip cropping
  • green cover in vineyard
  • land phyto reclamation (sudan grass)
  • licorice (Glycyrrhiza) cultivation
  • fruit tree plantation along the contour separated by strips of crops
Forest protection
  • implementation of a Forest Intervention Area (ZIF)
  • prescribed burning
  • primary tracks
  • reforestation
  • assisted cork oak plantation
  • planting trees
  • tree planting
Livestock management
  • improvement of animal production
  • game ranching
Pasture management
  • controlled grazing in deciduous woods alternate to grazing rangeland and pasture
  • grazing control
  • rangeland resting « tegdeel »
  • closure against grazing
  • fodder crops production
Drainage and irrigation technologies
  • drainage system maintenance (groundwater level control)
  • drainage
  • irrigation technologies
  • freshwater transport
Drip irrigation
  • drip irrigation
  • drip irrigation
  • drip irrigation
  • drip irrigation
  • drip irrigation
Rainwater harvesting
  • jessour and tabias
  • rainwater harvesting
  • cisterns
  • water-proofing
Flood management
  • spillway Massraf « Jebed »
  • recharge units and flood spreading
  • building dam
  • Longueira dam construction
Energy management
  • biogas use as energy source
More general and socio-economic strategies
  • slopes and riverbed protection
  • training & sensitization
  • institutional and legal capacity strengthening


The table indicates that there is a high variety of measures represented. This variety is also reflecting the diversity of degradation and desertification problems prevalent in the study sites. Most of the identified measures are on cropland (66%), 16% are on grazing land and 5% on forest land. The rest is on a combination of two of these land use types. Limiting factors are often costs, education or technical constraints, whereas the perception of these limiting factors is mostly similar between local and external stakeholders. In many study sites it got clear that the land users need support from the government in one or the other way to combat land degradation and desertification, such as direct financial support or training. The similarity or agreement between local and external stakeholders applies also for the assessed potential of the identified measures in the local context.


More analysis on the first stakeholder workshop reports has been done in the synthesis report »Stakeholder Workshop 1: All study sites - analysis and synthesis.


More details ... download the full report

iconWP3.1 List of locally applied and potential strategies [1.11 MB]




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Global Change and
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