Home 3. Potential strategies Evaluating strategies Evaluation of strategies: guidelines

Evaluation of strategies: guidelines Print

The evaluation of the strategies suggested in Stakeholder Workshop 1 followed guidelines developed by the Centre for Development and Environment (CDE). These are based on experiences from the  "Learning for sustainability (L4S)" (link expired) methodology and the  WOCAT methodology.


The evaluation involves the use of two questionnaires, one on sustainable land management technologies (QT) and the other on sustainable land management approaches (QA).


A sustainable land management technology A sustainable land management approach

consists of one or more conservation measures belonging to the following categories:

  • agronomic (eg intercropping, contour cultivation, mulching),
  • vegetative (eg tree planting, hedge barriers, grass strips),
  • structural (eg graded banks or bunds, level bench terrace),
  • management (eg land use change, area closure, rotational grazing).

Combinations of above measures which are complimentary and thus enhance each other are part of a Technology.

consists of the following elements:

  • All participants (policy-makers, administrators, experts, technicians, land users, i.e. actors at all levels),
  • inputs and means (financial, material, legislative, etc.), and
  • know-how (technical, scientific, practical).

An Approach may include different levels of intervention, from the individual farm, through the community level, the extension / advisory system, the regional or national administration, or the policy level, to the international framework. Besides conservation activities introduced through projects or programmes, indigenous conservation measures and spontaneous adoptions or adaptations of Technologies are also included.


The questionnaires ask: (i) what are the specifications of the technology, and where is it used (natural and human environment), what impact does it have and (ii) how implementation of the approach was achieved and who achieved it. Each consists of three main parts:

  • general information;
  • specification of Technology/Approach;
  • analysis of Technology/Approach.


There are eight steps in the procedure that should be followed to enable a standardised and comprehensive evaluation of the existing and potential prevention and mitigation strategies.

  • Step 1: Get familiar with the questionnaires
  • Step 2. Define technologies and approaches
  • Step 3: Identify resource persons and documents
  • Step 4. Fill in the questionnaire
  • Step 5: Enter the data into the database
  • Step 6: Review
  • Step 7: Quality assurance
  • Step 8: Provide English version to DESIRE


Experience has shown that certain questions tend to cause confusion or difficulty and careful questionning and checking in the Review step is needed to ensure that the information collected is reliable. Description of strategies following a standardised format has enabled a database of approaches and techniques to be developed from sites world-wide. The DESIRE strategies have been added to that database.


More details ... download the guidelines, questionnaires and supporting documents

iconWP3.2 Guidelines for evaluation of strategies [1.83 MB]

English iconWP3.2 Technology questionnaire [1.44 MB]

Türkçe iconWP3.2 Technology questionnaire_TR [0.93 MB)

Português iconWP3.2 Technology questionnaire_PT [0.86 MB]

Español iconWP3.2 Technology questionnaire_ES [0.59 MB]

Français iconWP3.2 Technology questionnaire_FR [0.73 MB]

Chinese iconWP3.2 Technology questionnaire_CN [0.91MB]

English iconWP3.2 Approach questionnaire [0.35 MB]

Türkçe iconWP3.2 Approach questionnaire_TR [0.68 MB]

Português iconWP3.2 Approach Questionnaire_PT [0.30 MB]

Español iconWP3.2 Approach Questionnaire_ES [0.18 MB]

Français iconWP3.2 Approach Questionnaire_FR [0.19 MB]

Chinese iconWP3.2 Approach questionnaire_CN [0.30MB]

icon WP3.2 Review process (469.36 kB)
 icon WP3.2 Format for description of strategies (10.39 kB)


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The DESIRE project was 
co-funded by the
European Commission,
Global Change and
Contract no: 037046 GOCE

DESIRE brought together the expertise of
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