Home Karapinar, Turkey Study site location & description

Study site location & description Print

The Karapinar study site is located in south central Turkey, east of the city of Konya and centred near the town of Karapinar.

 

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The Karapinar area immediately comes to mind when addressing the desertification phenomena in Turkey since many prevention and mitigation measures have been implemented in the region in the past, particularly between 1960s and 1970s.

  • The climate here is the driest of the country.
  • The ground is covered by loose lacustrine deposits. These materials are very sensitive to long-lasting wind activity (sometimes 18-25 m/sec) when coupled with deterioration of weak vegetation cover and unsuitable agricultural practice.
  • Wind erosion and dune movement has reached an intolerable level from the viewpoints of agriculture and life quality in early 1960s when an experimental station was imple-mented to halt and reverse this degradation process.
  • Konya plain, and particularly the Karapinar area, was famous for cereal production and animal feeding (especially sheep) in the 1960s. In recent years irrigated agriculture has rapidly expanded due to new market pressures, developing techniques and subsidies, as a result ground water levels have been dropped dramatically.
  • Although the applied prevention measures provided a significant success, their impact decreases with time while the socio-economic and climatic factors worsen.
  • The area also has been affected from secondary salinization that resulted from intense use of groundwater.
  • There are on-going projects to prevent desertification including the application suitable agricultural techniques, forestation and sustainable exploitation of ground water.

All these factors led this area to be chosen as a study site.

 

More details ... read the full study site description and an overview of all sites

 Read full study site description

»Comparative overview of all study sites

 

 
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Acknowledgement

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The DESIRE project was 
co-funded by the
European Commission,
Global Change and
Ecosystem.
Contract no: 037046 GOCE

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